AIDS or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is the advanced stage of HIV disease. It’s caused by a virus called HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). It’s a worldwide epidemic with 36 million deaths since it was discovered. In 2013 itself about 35.3 million people were diagnosed with AIDS.
When the HIV virus is in the blood it multiplies and also decreases the amount of CD4+ lymphocytes which are thought to ward off infections in the body. Now the virus inserts its own genes into the human cells and makes more cells. Thus, the number of infected cells keep increasing while the CD4+ cells reduce. In turn, the body gets less effective at fighting any type of disease or diseases.
Causes of AIDS
The HIV virus is the most important source of getting AIDS. It’s transmitted through body fluids like vaginal fluid, breast milk, blood, and semen. Additionally, it is found in the saliva, sweat, and tears but it isn’t in large amounts to be transmitted to another person. Therefore, the absurd cases heard of people getting AIDS by shaking hands and coughing are only myths. If you want to explore more about aids then you can visit the website at http://www.healthyems.in.th/16823374/ภูมิคุ้มกันบกพร่อง-aids. the website
The most frequent causes of contracting HIV is through unprotected sex and that also with a number of partners as well as sharing needles for carrying medication. Unprotected heterosexual, gay, anal, oral and vaginal sex are the primary reasons for it. Though oral sex has little probability of transmitting the disease.
It’s been observed that HIV could be transmitted via perinatal disease wherein mothers with HIV are more vulnerable to giving the infection to their baby. Breastfeeding by an infected mother can also be a means of transmitting the disease to her baby.
How does HIV disease turn into AIDS?
AIDS is the acute stage of HIV disease. HIV and AIDS symptoms are similar to the flu with body ache, fever, weight loss, nausea, fatigue, fatigue, night sweats and more. But these symptoms go away in four weeks once the body’s immune system begins to function better. However, the HIV disease remains in the body and doesn’t ever go away.
The symptoms may return from time to time. Lots of men and women are fine for many years before the immune system sinks and they develop AIDS. The majority of the patients who have HIV disease get AIDS in several years when the treatment isn’t done.
Some peoples get it faster than others since they have poorer immunity, genetic inheritance, more aggressive virus and they’re taking some medications.